Pfizer Reports Second-Quarter 2020 Results
- Second-Quarter 2020 Revenues of $11.8 Billion, Reflecting 9% Operational Decline; Excluding the Impact from Consumer Healthcare(1), Revenues Declined 3% Operationally
- 6% Operational Growth from Biopharma, Primarily Driven by Vyndaqel/Vyndamax, Eliquis, Ibrance, Inlyta and Xtandi
- 31% Operational Decline from Upjohn, Primarily Due to U.S. Loss of Exclusivity of Lyrica in 2019, Partially Offset by 17% Operational Growth in China, Primarily Due to Lipitor and Norvasc
- Second-Quarter 2020 Reported Diluted EPS(2) of $0.61, Adjusted Diluted EPS(3) of $0.78
- Raised Midpoint of 2020 Financial Guidance for Revenues by $0.1 Billion to $48.6 to $50.6 Billion and Adjusted Diluted EPS(3) by $0.03 to $2.85 to $2.95; Reaffirmed All Other 2020 Financial Guidance Components
- Initiated Four Different Registration-Enabling Vaccine Candidate Programs Since May 2020, Including for Pneumococcal 20-Valent in Infants, Meningococcal Pentavalent, Respiratory Syncytial Virus and for COVID-19, Which Started Dosing Patients in the U.S. Yesterday
NEW YORK, NY, Tuesday, July 28, 2020 - Pfizer Inc. (NYSE: PFE) reported financial results for second-quarter 2020, increased its 2020 financial guidance for revenues and Adjusted diluted EPS(3) and reaffirmed all other components of its 2020 financial guidance, which continues to reflect actual and anticipated business impacts from the novel coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Results for the second quarter and the first six months of 2020 and 2019(4) are summarized below.
|($ in millions, except per share amounts)||Second-Quarter||Six Months|
|Reported Net Income(2)||3,426||5,046||(32%)||6,828||8,929||(24%)|
|Reported Diluted EPS(2)||0.61||0.89||(31%)||1.22||1.56||(22%)|
|Adjusted Diluted EPS(3)||0.78||0.80||(2%)||1.59||1.65||(4%)|
|($ in millions)||Second-Quarter||Six Months|
Beginning in 2020, Upjohn began managing Pfizer's Meridian subsidiary, the manufacturer of EpiPen and other auto-injector products, and a pre-existing strategic collaboration between Pfizer and Mylan N.V. (Mylan) for generic drugs in Japan (Mylan-Japan). To facilitate comparison across periods, revenues and expenses associated with Meridian and Mylan-Japan are reported in Pfizer's Upjohn business in all periods presented.
Acquisitions and other business development activities completed in 2019 and in the first half of 2020 impacted financial results in the periods presented(1). Some amounts in this press release may not add due to rounding. All percentages have been calculated using unrounded amounts. References to operational variances pertain to period-
over-period growth rates that exclude the impact of foreign exchange(5).
IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON BUSINESS ACTIVITIES AND FINANCIAL RESULTS
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, Pfizer continues to take proactive steps intended to protect the health and safety of colleagues, to maintain supply of Pfizer medicines and vaccines to patients and to continue to advance Pfizer's pipeline.
Colleague Health and Safety
At this time, Pfizer colleagues in most locations who are able to perform their job functions outside of a Pfizer facility continue to work remotely. Certain Pfizer colleagues, primarily those in the Pfizer Global Supply and Worldwide Research and Development organizations, have roles whose physical presence at Pfizer facilities is
required to perform their job functions. These colleagues continue to report to work and are subject to strict protocols intended to reduce the risk of transmission, including social distancing, maintaining contact logs, increased cleaning and use of personal protective equipment as necessary.
To date, Pfizer has not seen a significant disruption in its supply chain, and all of its manufacturing sites around the world have continued to operate at or near normal levels. In addition, Pfizer has taken steps to scale up manufacturing operations at risk to accelerate its ability to supply a potential novel treatment or vaccine for COVID-19.
After a brief pause to the recruitment portion of certain ongoing clinical studies and a delay to most new study starts, in late-April 2020, Pfizer restarted recruitment across the development portfolio, including new study starts. Pfizer continues to work closely with clinical trial sites to understand their needs and is performing remote monitoring where appropriate to oversee study conduct. In addition, processes to enable tele-health and home healthcare are being utilized where appropriate to continue the data collection process and support patient safety.
Sales and Marketing
Pfizer has experienced an impact on its sales and marketing activities due to widespread restrictions on in-person meetings with healthcare professionals and the refocused attention of the medical community on fighting COVID-19. Access to prescribers for sales force colleagues during second-quarter 2020 was mixed, with those in most international markets able to meet with healthcare professionals for most of the quarter, while those in the U.S. were unable to meet in-person with doctors for nearly all of the quarter. At this time, no U.S. sales force colleagues are meeting in-person with healthcare professionals due to COVID-19-related safety concerns. Pfizer is actively reviewing and assessing epidemiological data and colleagues remain ready to resume in-person engagements with healthcare professionals on a location-by-location basis as soon as it is safe to do so.
As a result of the lower number of in-person meetings with prescribers and restrictions on patient movements due to government-mandated work-from-home or shelter-in-place policies, the rate of new prescriptions for certain products and of vaccination rates for most vaccines slowed in certain markets, including the U.S., which negatively impacted second-quarter 2020 financial results. These declines were partially offset by certain Pfizer medicines and vaccines that saw increased demand in certain markets compared to the prior-year quarter, including Prevenar 13 for streptococcus pneumoniae in adults in international markets as well as certain sterile injectable products utilized in the intubation and ongoing treatment of mechanically-ventilated COVID-19 patients.
Financial Condition and Access to Capital Markets
Due to Pfizer's significant operating cash flows, as well as its financial assets, access to capital markets and revolving credit agreements, Pfizer believes it has, and will maintain, the ability to meet liquidity needs for the foreseeable future.
Pfizer will continue to pursue efforts to maintain the continuity of its operations while monitoring for new developments related to the COVID-19 pandemic, which are unpredictable. Future COVID-19 developments could result in additional favorable or unfavorable impacts on Pfizer's business, operations or financial condition.
Please find Pfizer’s press release and associated financial tables, including reconciliations of certain GAAP reported to non-GAAP adjusted information, at the following hyperlink:
(Note: If clicking on the above link does not open up a new web page, you may need to cut and paste the above URL into your browser's address bar.)
For additional details, see the attached financial schedules, product revenue tables and disclosure notice.
(1) The following acquisitions and other business development activity impacted financial results for the periods presented:
- On June 8, 2020, Valneva SE (Valneva) announced that the antitrust-related condition precedent was met and, consequently, the agreement between Valneva and Pfizer that was previously announced in April 2020 became effective. Under terms of the agreement, the companies will co-develop and commercialize Valneva’s Lyme disease vaccine candidate VLA15, which is currently in Phase 2 clinical studies. In connection with the agreement, Pfizer paid Valneva an upfront cash payment of
- $130 million in second-quarter 2020.
- On April 9, 2020, Pfizer signed a global agreement with BioNTech to co-develop a potential first-in- class, mRNA-based coronavirus vaccine program, BNT162, aimed at preventing COVID-19 infection. In connection with the agreement, Pfizer paid BioNTech an upfront cash payment of $72 million in second-quarter 2020. Pfizer also made an equity investment of $113 million in BioNTech common stock.
- On July 31, 2019, Pfizer and GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK) completed a transaction that combined the two companies’ respective consumer healthcare businesses into a joint venture (JV), operating under the GSK Consumer Healthcare name. In exchange for contributing its Consumer Healthcare business to the JV, Pfizer received a 32% equity stake in the JV and GSK owns the remaining 68% of the JV. Upon the closing of the transaction, Pfizer deconsolidated its Consumer Healthcare business and began recording its share of earnings from the Consumer Healthcare JV on a quarterly basis on a one- quarter lag in Other (income)/deductions––net commencing from August 1, 2019. Therefore, Pfizer recorded its share of the JV’s earnings generated in first-quarter 2020 in its second-quarter 2020 operating results. Likewise, Pfizer recorded its share of the JV’s earnings generated in fourth-quarter 2019 and first-quarter 2020 in its operating results for the first six months of 2020.
- On July 30, 2019, Pfizer announced the successful completion of its acquisition of Array BioPharma Inc. (Array). Array’s portfolio included two approved products, Braftovi (encorafenib) and Mektovi (binimetinib).
- On July 1, 2019, Pfizer announced the successful completion of its acquisition of the privately held clinical-stage biotechnology company, Therachon Holding AG.
(2) Revenues is defined as revenues in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Reported net income is defined as net income attributable to Pfizer Inc. in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Reported diluted earnings per share (EPS) is defined as diluted EPS attributable to Pfizer Inc. common shareholders in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
(3) Adjusted income and its components and Adjusted diluted EPS are defined as reported U.S. GAAP net income(2) and its components and reported diluted EPS(2) excluding purchase accounting adjustments, acquisition-related costs, discontinued operations and certain significant items (some of which may recur, such as gains on the completion of joint venture transactions, restructuring charges, legal charges or gains and losses from equity securities, but which management does not believe are reflective of ongoing core operations). Adjusted cost of sales, Adjusted selling, informational and administrative (SI&A) expenses, Adjusted research and development (R&D) expenses and Adjusted other (income)/deductions are income statement line items prepared on the same basis as, and therefore components of, the overall Adjusted income measure. As described in the Financial Review––Non-GAAP Financial Measure (Adjusted Income) section of Pfizer’s 2019 Financial Report, which was filed as Exhibit 13 to Pfizer’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, management uses Adjusted income, among other factors, to set performance goals and to measure the performance of the overall company. Because Adjusted income is an important internal measurement for Pfizer, management believes that investors’ understanding of our performance is enhanced by disclosing this performance measure. Pfizer reports Adjusted income, certain components of Adjusted income, and Adjusted diluted EPS in order to portray the results of the company’s major operations––the discovery, development, manufacture, marketing and sale of prescription medicines and vaccines––prior to considering certain income statement elements. See the accompanying reconciliations of certain GAAP Reported to Non-GAAP Adjusted information for the second quarter and first six months of 2020 and 2019. The Adjusted income and its components and Adjusted diluted EPS measures are not, and should not be viewed as, substitutes for U.S. GAAP net income and its components and diluted EPS.
(4) Pfizer’s fiscal year-end for international subsidiaries is November 30 while Pfizer’s fiscal year-end for U.S. subsidiaries is December 31. Therefore, Pfizer’s second quarter and first six months for U.S. subsidiaries reflects the three and six months ending on June 28, 2020 and June 30, 2019 while Pfizer’s second quarter and first six months for subsidiaries operating outside the U.S. reflects the three and six months ending on May 24, 2020 and May 26, 2019.
(5) References to operational variances in this press release pertain to period-over-period growth rates that exclude the impact of foreign exchange. The operational variances are determined by multiplying or dividing, as appropriate, the current period U.S. dollar results by the current period average foreign exchange rates and then multiplying or dividing, as appropriate, those amounts by the prior-year period average foreign exchange rates. Although exchange rate changes are part of Pfizer’s business, they are not within Pfizer’s control. Exchange rate changes, however, can mask positive or negative trends in the business; therefore, Pfizer believes presenting operational variances provides useful information in evaluating the results of its business.