PFIZER REPORTS FOURTH-QUARTER AND FULL-YEAR 2020 RESULTS AND RELEASES 5-YEAR PIPELINE METRICS
PFIZER REPORTS FOURTH-QUARTER AND FULL-YEAR 2020 RESULTS AND RELEASES 5-YEAR PIPELINE METRICS
- Upjohn Business(1) Now Accounted for as a Discontinued Operation for All Periods Presented, Excluded from Adjusted(2) Results
- Full-Year 2020 Revenues of $41.9 Billion, Which Now Exclude Upjohn(1), Reflect 3% Operational Growth; When the Impact from Consumer Healthcare(1) and the $154 Million of Sales of BNT162b2 are Excluded, Full-Year 2020 Revenues Grew 8% Operationally
- Operational Growth Primarily Driven by Strong Performances from Vyndaqel/Vyndamax, Eliquis, Oncology Biosimilars, Ibrance, Prevenar 13 Outside of the U.S., Inlyta, Xeljanz and Xtandi
- Fourth-Quarter 2020 Revenues of $11.7 Billion, Reflecting 11% Operational Growth; Excluding Sales of BNT162b2, Revenues Grew 9% Operationally
- Full-Year 2020 Reported Diluted EPS(3) of $1.71, Adjusted Diluted EPS(2) of $2.22; Fourth-Quarter 2020 Reported Diluted EPS(3) of $0.10, Adjusted Diluted EPS(2) of $0.42
- Raises Full-Year 2021 Guidance(4)for Adjusted Diluted EPS(2) to a range of $3.10-$3.20 and Provides 2021 Financial Guidance(4) for Other Adjusted(2) Income Statement Line Items
- Achieved Clinical Trial Success Rates of 48% in Phase 1, 52% in Phase 2, 85% in Phase 3 and an End-to-End Clinical Success Rate of 21%, All of Which Exceeded the Industry Averages(5)
NEW YORK, NY, Tuesday, February 2, 2021 – Pfizer Inc. (NYSE: PFE) reported financial results for fourth-quarter 2020 and full-year 2020, raised 2021 guidance(4)for Adjusted diluted EPS(2) and provided 2021 financial guidance(4) for other Adjusted(2) income statement line items, including details regarding the expected contributions to 2021 performance from BNT162b2, the Pfizer-BioNTech SE (BioNTech) COVID-19 vaccine.
Dr. Albert Bourla, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, stated: “2020 has been a transformational year, not only for Pfizer, but also in the life of every patient in every community that we serve. As a company, we saw the culmination of Pfizer’s decade-long conversion into a pure-play, science and innovation-focused company. Right away, our ability to move quickly and utilize cutting-edge science to help address the world’s most important medical challenges was put to the test by the COVID-19 pandemic. Our record-breaking success at developing a vaccine against COVID-19, along with our partner BioNTech, is just one example of what we believe this new Pfizer is capable of achieving. As the world looks forward to 2021 with renewed hope for better days ahead, we also look forward with renewed confidence and resolve in our ability to fulfill our purpose, to deliver breakthroughs that change patients’ lives.”
Frank D’Amelio, Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President, Global Supply, stated: “I am very pleased with how our company performed in 2020, and particularly in the fourth quarter, where we achieved double digit operational revenue growth driven by a wide range of products and geographies, including growth within all of our therapeutic areas. I was also pleased that Pfizer completed the transaction to combine Upjohn with Mylan to form Viatrisin the fourth quarter, which I believe positions both Pfizer and Viatris for a bright future. I feel confident in our ability to continue to perform well and deliver on our commitments in 2021 and beyond, both to our patients and to our shareholders.”
Results for the fourth quarter and full-year 2020 and 2019(6) are summarized below.
|($ in millions, except per share amounts)||Fourth-Quarter||Full-Year|
|Reported Net Income/ (Loss)(3)||594||(337)||*||9,616||16,273||(41%)|
|Reported Diluted EPS/(LPS)(3)||0.10||(0.06)||*||1.71||2.87||(40%)|
|Adjusted Diluted EPS(2)||0.42||0.36||14%||2.22||1.91||16%|
* Indicates calculation not meaningful.
|($ in millions)||Fourth-Quarter||Full-Year|
|2020||2019||% Change||2020||2019||% Change|
|Internal Medicine||$2,308||$ 2,282||1%||1%||$ 9,003||$ 8,790||2%||3%|
|Inflammation & Immunology||1,267||1,251||1%||-||4,567||4,733||(4%)||(3%)|
|Biopharmaceutical products||$ 11,684||$ 10,449||12%||11%||$ 41,908||$ 39,090||7%||8%|
|Consumer Healthcare(1) Products||-||-||-||-||-||2,082||(100%)||(100%)|
|Total Revenue||$ 11,684||$ 10,449||12%||11%||$ 41,908||$ 41,172||2%||
Revenues and expenses associated with the Upjohn Business(1)for all periods presented have been recategorized as discontinued operations and excluded from Adjusted(2) results. Pfizer’s Meridian subsidiary, the manufacturer of EpiPen and other auto-injector products, which had been reported within the results of the Upjohn Business(1),is now included within the Hospital therapeutic area for all periods presented.
Following the completion of the spin-off of the Upjohn Business(1) in the fourth quarter of 2020, we now operate as a single focused innovative biopharmaceutical company engaged in the discovery, development, manufacturing, marketing, sales and distribution of biopharmaceutical products worldwide.
Acquisitions and other business development activities completed in 2019 and 2020 impacted financial results in the periods presented(1). Some amounts in this press release may not add due to rounding. All percentages have been calculated using unrounded amounts. References to operational variances pertain to period-over-period growth rates that exclude the impact of foreign exchange rates(7).
2021 FINANCIAL GUIDANCE(4)(8)
Financial guidance reflects management’s current expectations for operational performance, foreign exchange rates as well as management’s current projections as to the severity, duration and global macroeconomic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Key guidance assumptions included in these projections broadly reflect a continued recovery in macroeconomic and healthcare activity throughout 2021 as more of the population becomes vaccinated against COVID-19. These assumptions are guided by the trajectory of current infection rates in many parts of the world and the expected timeline for broad access to effective vaccines.
Pfizer raised its guidance range for Adjusted Diluted EPS(2)provided on January 12, 2021 due primarily to additional refinements of its COVID-19 vaccine revenue forecast and is providing for the first time 2021 financial guidance for other income statement line items. Current 2021 financial guidance is presented below.
$59.4 to $61.4 billion
|Adjusted Cost of Sales(2) as a Percentage of Revenues||32.0% to 33.0%|
|Adjusted SI&A Expenses(2)||
$11.0 to $12.0 billion
|Adjusted R&D Expenses(2)||
$9.2 to $9.7 billion
|Adjusted Other (Income)/Deductions(2)||
Approximately $2.2 billion of income
|Effective Tax Rate on Adjusted Income(2)||
|Adjusted Diluted EPS(2)||
$3.10 to $3.20
The midpoint of the guidance range for revenues represents 44% growth from 2020 revenues, including an expected $1.4 billion, or 3%, favorable impact from changes in foreign exchange rates. The midpoint of the updated guidance range for Adjusted diluted EPS(2) reflects a 42% increase over 2020 actual results, including an expected $0.09, or 4%, benefit due to favorable changes in foreign exchange rates.
Financial guidance for Adjusted diluted EPS(2) is calculated using approximately 5.7 billion weighted average shares outstanding, and does not currently assume any share repurchases in 2021.
Assumptions Related to BNT162b2 Within Guidance
Given the significant impact that BNT162b2 is expected to have on the company’s overall results in 2021, Pfizer is providing additional details on the revenue and margin assumptions incorporated within the above guidance ranges. These assumptions are summarized below.
|Revenues for BNT162b2||Approximately $15 billion|
|Adjusted Income(2) Before Tax (IBT) Margin for BNT162b2||High-20s as a Percentage of Revenues|
The BNT162b2 revenue projection incorporated within Pfizer’s 2021 financial guidance primarily includes doses that are expected to be delivered in 2021 under existing contracts, and may be adjusted in the future as additional contracts are executed.
Adjusted(2) IBT margin guidance for BNT162b2 incorporates the current expectation for revenues for the product, less anticipated Adjusted(2) costs to manufacture, market and distribute BNT162b2, including applicable royalty expenses and a 50% gross margin split with BioNTech, as well as shared R&D expenses related to BNT162b2 and costs associated with other assets currently in development for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. It does not include an allocation of corporate or other overhead costs.
Selected Financial Guidance Ranges Excluding BNT162b2
To demonstrate Pfizer’s performance against management’s stated long-term growth goals for its business excluding BNT162b2, Pfizer is providing 2021 revenue, Adjusted Cost of Sales(2) as a percentage of revenues and Adjusted diluted EPS(2) guidance ranges with BNT162b2 contributions excluded.
|Revenues||$44.4 to $46.4 billion|
|Adjusted Cost of Sales(2) as a Percentage of Revenues||21% to 22%|
|Adjusted Diluted EPS(2)||$2.50 - $2.60|
The midpoint of the revenue guidance range above reflects approximately 6% operational growth compared to 2020 when all revenue impacts related to BNT162b2 are excluded from both periods, which is in line with the company’s stated goal of at least a 6% revenue compound annual growth rate through 2025. The midpoint of Pfizer’s Adjusted Diluted EPS(2) guidance range excluding BNT162b2 reflects approximately 11% operational growth compared to the prior year.
- During full-year 2020, Pfizer paid $8.4 billion of cash dividends, composed of quarterly dividends of $0.38 per share of common stock.
- No share repurchases were made in 2020 and no shares have been repurchased to date in 2021. As of February 2, 2021, Pfizer’s remaining share repurchase authorization is $5.3 billion. Current 2021 financial guidance does not reflect any share repurchases in 2021.
- Fourth-quarter 2020 diluted weighted-average shares outstanding used to calculate Reported(3) and Adjusted(2) diluted EPS was 5,662 million shares, an increase of 31 million shares compared to the prior-year quarter primarily due to shares issued for employee compensation programs.
Please find Pfizer’s press release and associated financial tables, including reconciliations of certain GAAP reported to non-GAAP adjusted information, at the following hyperlink:
(Note: If clicking on the above link does not open up a new web page, you may need to cut and paste the above URL into your browser's address bar.)
For additional details, see the attached financial schedules, product revenue tables and disclosure notice.
(1) The following acquisitions and other business development activity impacted financial results for the periods presented:
- On December 28, 2020, Myovant Sciences (Myovant) and Pfizer announced a collaboration to jointly develop and commercialize relugolix in advanced prostate cancer and women’s health in the U.S. and Canada, beginning in early 2021. Under the terms of the agreement, Myovant is entitled to receive up to $4.35 billion in total milestone payments -- including a $650 million up-front payment -- if certain regulatory and commercial milestones are achieved.
- On November 16, 2020, Pfizer completed the transaction to spin off its Upjohn Business and combine it with Mylan N.V. (Mylan) to form Viatris Inc. Under the terms of the transaction, which was structured as an all-stock Reverse Morris Trust, Upjohn Inc. was spun off to Pfizer stockholders by way of a pro rata distribution and immediately thereafter combined with Mylan. As a result of this transaction, historical contributions from the Upjohn Business are being treated as a discontinued operation.
- On September 30, 2020, Pfizer and CStone Pharmaceuticals (CStone) announced the formation of a strategic collaboration between CStone and multiple subsidiaries of Pfizer which encompasses a $200 million equity investment by Pfizer in CStone, a collaboration for the development and commercialization of CStone’s PD-L1 antibody (sugemalimab) and a framework between the companies to bring additional oncology assets to the Greater China market.
- On June 8, 2020, Valneva SE (Valneva) announced that the antitrust-related condition precedent was met and, consequently, the agreement between Valneva and Pfizer that was previously announced in April 2020 became effective. Under the terms of the agreement, the companies will co-develop and commercialize Valneva’s Lyme disease vaccine candidate VLA15, which is currently in Phase 2 clinical studies. In connection with the agreement, Pfizer paid Valneva an upfront cash payment of $130 million in second-quarter 2020.
- On April 9, 2020, Pfizer signed a global agreement with BioNTech to co-develop a first-in-class, mRNA-based coronavirus vaccine program, BNT162, aimed at preventing COVID-19 infection. In connection with the agreement, Pfizer paid BioNTech an upfront cash payment of $72 million in second-quarter 2020. Pfizer also made an equity investment of $113 million in BioNTech common stock. Pfizer made an additional investment of $50 million in common stock of BioNTech as part of an underwritten equity offering by BioNTech, which closed in July 2020.
- On July 31, 2019, Pfizer and GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK) completed a transaction that combined the two companies’ respective consumer healthcare businesses into a joint venture (JV), operating under the GSK Consumer Healthcare name. In exchange for contributing its Consumer Healthcare business to the JV, Pfizer received a 32% equity stake in the JV and GSK owns the remaining 68% of the JV.Upon the closing of the transaction, Pfizer deconsolidated its Consumer Healthcare business and began recording its share of earnings from the Consumer Healthcare JV on a quarterly basis on a one-quarter lag in Other (income)/deductions––net,commencing from August 1, 2019. Therefore, Pfizer recorded its share of the JV’s earnings generated in third-quarter 2020 in its fourth-quarter 2020 operating results. Likewise, Pfizer recorded its share of the JV’s earnings generated in fourth-quarter 2019 and in the first three quarters of 2020 in its operating results for full-year 2020.
- On July 30, 2019, Pfizer announced the successful completion of its acquisition of Array BioPharma Inc. (Array). Array’s portfolio included two approved products, Braftovi (encorafenib) and Mektovi (binimetinib).
- On July 1, 2019, Pfizer announced the successful completion of its acquisition of the privately held clinical-stage biotechnology company, Therachon Holding AG.
(2)Adjusted income and its components and Adjusted diluted EPS are defined as reported U.S. GAAP net income/(loss)(3) and its components and reported diluted EPS or LPS(3) excluding purchase accounting adjustments, acquisition-related costs, discontinued operations and certain significant items (some of which may recur, such as gains on the completion of joint venture transactions, restructuring charges, legal charges or gains and losses from equity securities, but which management does not believe are reflective of ongoing core operations). Adjusted cost of sales, Adjusted selling, informational and administrative (SI&A) expenses, Adjusted research and development (R&D) expenses and Adjusted other (income)/deductions are income statement line items prepared on the same basis as, and therefore components of, the overall Adjusted income measure. As described in the Financial Review––Non-GAAP Financial Measure (Adjusted Income) section of Pfizer’s 2019 Financial Report, which was filed as Exhibit 13 to Pfizer’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, management uses Adjusted income, among other factors, to set performance goals and to measure the performance of the overall company. Because Adjusted income is an important internal measurement for Pfizer, management believes that investors’ understanding of our performance is enhanced by disclosing this measure. Pfizer reports Adjusted income, certain components of Adjusted income, and Adjusted diluted EPS in order to present the results of the company’s major operations––the discovery, development, manufacture, marketing and sale of prescription medicines and vaccines––prior to considering certain income statement elements. See the accompanying reconciliations of certain GAAP Reported to Non-GAAP Adjusted information for the fourth quarter and full year of 2020 and 2019. The Adjusted income and its - 17 -components and Adjusted diluted EPS measures are not, and should not be viewed as, substitutes for U.S. GAAP net income/(loss) and its components and diluted EPS or LPS(3).
(3) Revenues is defined as revenues in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Reported net income/(loss) and its components are defined as net income/(loss) attributable to Pfizer Inc. and its components in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Reported diluted earnings per share (EPS) and reported loss per share (LPS) are defined as diluted EPS or LPS attributable to Pfizer Inc. common shareholders in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
(4) Financial guidance for full-year 2021 reflects the following:
- Does not assume the completion of any business development transactions not completed as of December 31, 2020, including any one-time upfront payments associated with such transactions.
- Includes Pfizer’s pro rata share of the Consumer Healthcare joint venture(1)anticipated earnings, which is recorded in Adjusted other (income)/deductions(2) on a one-quarter lag.
- Reflects an anticipated negative revenue impact of $1.0 billion due to recent and expected generic and biosimilar competition for certain products that have recently lost or are anticipated to soon lose patent protection.
- Exchange rates assumed are as of mid-January 2021. Financial guidance reflects the anticipated favorable impact of approximately $1.4 billion on revenues and approximately $0.09 on Adjusted diluted EPS(2) as a result of changes in foreign exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar compared to foreign exchange rates from 2020.
- Guidance for Adjusted diluted EPS(2) assumes diluted weighted-average shares outstanding of approximately 5.7 billion shares, which currently assumes no share repurchases in 2021.
- Guidance for Adjusted Other (Income)/Deductions(2) includes an estimated benefit of approximately $300 million resulting from an anticipated change in pension accounting policy to begin recognizing actuarial gains and losses immediately through GAAP earnings compared to how they would have been recognized under the current accounting methodology. This anticipated change is expected to go into effect in the first quarter of 2021 and will require recasting prior period amounts to conform to the new accounting policy.
(5) Success rates are based on a 5-year rolling average for Phase 2 and Phase 3 studies, and a 3-year rolling average for Phase 1 studies, with the cut-off for the Pfizer analysis ending on fiscal year-end 2020 and the cut-off for the industry’s analysis ending on fiscal year-end 2019, which is the most recent information available. The analysis includes only studies involving new molecular entities. The “industry” in this analysis was based on the Pharmaceutical Benchmarking Forum’s participant companies: AbbVie, Inc.; Allergan PLC (which was acquired by AbbVie, Inc. in May 2020); Bayer AG; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; Eli Lilly and Company; Gilead Sciences, Inc.; Johnson & Johnson Corporation; Merck & Co, Inc.; Novartis AG; Pfizer; Roche, Inc. and Sanofi S.A.
(6) Pfizer’s fiscal year-end for international subsidiaries is November 30 while Pfizer’s fiscal year-end for U.S. subsidiaries is December 31. Therefore, Pfizer’s fourth quarter and full year for U.S. subsidiaries reflects the three and twelve months ended on December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 while Pfizer’s fourth quarter and full year for subsidiaries operating outside the U.S. reflects the three and twelve month sent on November 30, 2020 and November 30, 2019.
(7) References to operational variances in this press release pertain to period-over-period growth rates that exclude the impact of foreign exchange rates. Although exchange rate changes are part of Pfizer’s business, they are not within Pfizer’s control. However, they can mask positive or negative trends in the business; therefore, Pfizer believes presenting operational variances excluding exchange rates provides useful information to evaluate Pfizer’s results.
(8) Pfizer does not provide guidance for GAAP Reported financial measures (other than revenues) or a reconciliation of forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP Reported financial measures on a forward-looking basis because it is unable to predict with reasonable certainty the ultimate outcome of pending litigation, unusual gains and losses, acquisition-related expenses, gains and losses from equity securities and potential future asset impairments without unreasonable effort. These items are uncertain, depend on various factors, and could have a material impact on GAAP Reported results for the guidance period.